Takht Sri Damdama Sahib or The Takht Sri Darbar Sahib Damdama Sahib is one of the significant of the five Takhts or Seat of Temporal Authority of Sikhism. It is located in the Talwandi Sabo, in the district of Bathinda, in the state of Punjab, in Northwestern India. It is approximately 28 km southeast of Bathinda. It is to be remembered that this is the place where the tenth Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh prepared the complete version of the Sikh scriptures known as Sri Guru Granth Sahib in 1705. It is to be highly noted that the other four important Takhts are the Akal Takht, Takht Sri Keshgarh Sahib, Takht Sri Patna Sahib and Takht Sri Hazur Sahib. It is one of the most sought after and most frequented Takhts by the Sikh religious adherent devotees and pilgrims with great zeal.
Takht Sri Damdama Sahib or The Takht Sri Darbar Sahib Damdama Sahib has great religious significance among the Sikhs. The word Damdama literally means breathing place. It is to be remembered that after the Sikhs fought several defensive battles in a successful manner, Guru Gobind Singh stayed here. It is to be highly noted that Guruji wholeheartedly blessed Talwandi Sabo, as Guru Ki Kashi just before leaving to visit Sikh Sangats situated in the Deccan region. Therefore this place is popularly known as Damdama Sahib after the Gurdwara. On the other hand, another great Shaheed (Martyr) of Sikhi, named Baba Deep Singh ji was perfectly installed as the first Jathedar (head) of this particular temporal seat. He also in a successful manner penned additional copies of the Adi Sri Granth Sahib ji. Later, he sent them directly to it to other four temporal seats. On 18 November 1966, this Takht was recognized officially as the fourth Takht of Sikhism. On 30 July 1960, under the General Meeting Resolution No: 789, the Shiromani Gurdwara Prabandhak Committee, Amritsar appointed a sub-committee on a demand from the Sikhs. On 18 November 1966, it was declare Damdama Sahib or Guru Ki Kashi as the fifth Takht of the Sikhs. The other Gurdwaras at Takht Sri Damdama Sahib are Gurdwara Manji Sahib Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur, Gurdwara Manji Sahib Padshahi Nauvin and Dasvin, Gurdwara Likhansar Sahib, Gurdwara Jandsar Sahib, Gurdwara Mahallsar Sahib, Gurdwara Sri Nanaksar Sahib, Gurdwara Damdama Sahib Padshahi Dasvin, Gurdwara Mata Sundar Kaur and Sahib Kaur ji and Gurdwara Baba Bir Singh Baba Dhir Singh Ji.
Takht Sri Damdama Sahib or The Takht Sri Darbar Sahib Damdama Sahib is the finest example of Sikh religious center. Its architectural significance is really note-worthy in several aspects. It is a spacious religious center with rooms for conducting various types of religious activities, functions, rituals and affairs in a successful manner. The interior and exterior features of this religious spot are very attractive and beautiful with various types of sculptures and wooden carvings. The ceilings and flooring of this building structure is really marvelous.
The significant festivals and auspicious days that are celebrated in a religious manner at Takht Sri Damdama Sahib or The Takht Sri Darbar Sahib Damdama Sahib are Gurupurabs, Baisakhi, Holla Mohalla, Maghi and Bandi Chorrh Divas (Diwali). This religious center marks the celebrations to a great extent with active participation of local people in a grand manner with a lot of perfection. During these special occasions of Sikhism, the city comes alive.