As the name itself says, Gandhi Jayanti is the celebration of a great freedom fighter of India Mahatma Gandhi. His full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi and is popularly known as "Bapu" or "the father of the nation" or just Gandhiji. This falls on every second day of October and is celebrated as a national holiday in India. Apart from this, the United Nations General Assembly also announced on 15 June 2007 that it had adopted a resolution which declared that the 2nd of October will be henceforth celebrated as the International Day of Non-Violence as Gandhi was a firm believer of "ahimsa" or "non-violence" which was his approach all through his freedom struggle movements.
Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2nd October in the year 1869 at Porbandar in Gujarat. The famous train incident in South Africa in which he was thrown out of the train for being an Indian upset him and he then actively started to lead the anti British movements in south Africa itself that finally overthrew them and finally led to the independence of the south Africans. Then he returned to India in the year 1915 and became active in the non violent movements in the native country against the exploitation.
Non violence has become a very major way of expression of protest all around the world today. Even in the modern times the people have been iusing the principles of our beloved Bapu to curb and protest against the exploitation the corruption in the country.
The principles of the great soul have inspired many great personalities of the time and have proved that his principles are timeless methods that inspire and light the young minds to go for a non violent and yet a surest ways to achieve the goals in life. At Rajghat the Samadhi or the grave of mahatma Gandhi is present and the prime minister and the higher officials and the members of the Gandhi family offer their prayers and flowering every year on the occasion of the Gandhi Jayanti. The devotional song "Raghu Pati Raghav Raja Ram" flows in the air on this day at the Rajghat remembering the favourite bhajan of beloved Bapu.
Gandhiji gave up his luxurious life and came up to the help of the peoor peasants and the Indians. He gave up the high class dressing and clad himself in a mere two pieces of clothes one each for the upper and the lower half of the body that were made up of the "khadi" that were woven out on the traditional "charkhas". he made himself self dependant and had set up his own ashram at sabarmati in Gujarat, india.
A series of nonviolent approaches saw his popularity growing rapidly among the indian, masses and this led to the turnmoil in the british administration in india that also led to the arrest of the great leader. He also actively led the major independence movements as the Civil Disobedience Movement, The Non Cooperation Movements the Salt Satyagraha or Breaking of the Salt Law etc.
The paper currencies issued by the Indian government bears the image of Mahatma Gandhi to pay homage and respect to the greatest leader of freedom movement in India against the British rule.